Kajian Pengaruh Dosis Biochar Sekam Padi dan Tipe Konteiner Terhadap Beberapa Karakteristik Media dan Pertumbuhan Acacia crassicarpa di Pembibitan

Johan Johan, Aswandi Aswandi, Heri Junedi


One material that has the potential to replace cocopeat and peat for planting media is rice husk biochar because it has the ability to increase pH, has a porous structure and is rich in potassium. Currently, Acacia crassicarpa nurseries generally use polybag and polytube containers which often have negative effects on rooting and problems in the planting process in the field. The use of paper bags as an alternative to containers that have a larger volume advantage than polytubes, and can be directly planted in the field requires a more in-depth study. This study aims to examine the optimum dosage of rice husk biochar and container type for the growth of Acacia crassicarpa seedlings in nurseries. This study used a Split Plot design with a factorial pattern, each consisting of 3 main plots, namely polybag, polytube and paperbag and 4 subplots consisting of 4 doses of husk charcoal biochar, respectively 0%, 10%, 30% and 50 %. Each treatment was repeated 3 times. The variables measured were media porosity, media pH, plant height, stem diameter and seedling root volume. Data were analyzed using the ANOVA test and then tested further with the DNMRT test at α5%. Analysis using SPSS software version 2.3. The results indicated that the interaction between the type of container and the dosage of rice husk biochar only had a significant effect on the porosity variable. The type of container alone did not show a significant effect on soil pH variables, but had a significant effect on plant height, stem diameter and root volume variables. Polybags give the best results for the height and diameter of the seedlings. Polytube gave the best effect on root volume variables, paperbags showed the least circular roots. This variable was not tested but visually shows a significant difference. Treatment of single doses of biochar had a significant effect on soil pH, seedling height, seedling diameter and seedling root volume. There was a tendency to increase soil pH and root volume with increasing doses of biochar. The best seedling height and diameter variables were obtained at a dose of 10% biochar, this gives an indication that the biochar dose is optimum for seedling growth


Seed Container, Rice Husk Biochar

Full Text:



Agus F, Hairiah K, Mulyani A. 2011. Pengukuran Cadangan Karbon Tanah Gambut. Petunjuk Praktis. World Agroforestry Centre-ICRAF, SEA Regional Office dan Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian (BBSDLP), Bogor, Indonesia.

Annapura, D., T.S Rathore and G. Joshi. 2013. Effects of container tipe and size on growth and quality of seedling of India sandalwood (Santalum album L.) Australian Forestry.

Arabi, Z., Hasan Eghtedaey, H., Gharehchmaghloo, B., Faraji, A. 2018. Effect of Biochar and Bio-Fertilizer on Yield and Qualitative Properties of Soybean and Some Chemical Properties of Soil. Arabian Journal of Geosciences.

Arsyad, S. 1989. Konservasi Tanah dan Air. IPB Press. Bogor.

Aung, A., Han, S. H., Youn, W.B., Meng, L., Cho, M.S., Park, B.B. 2018. Forest Science and Technology.

Bilderback, T. E., Warren, S. L., Owen, J. S., Albano, J. P. 2005. Healthy Substrates Need Physical Too. Holtechnology.

Boja, N. and Boja, F. 2011. Variation of Soil Compaction in Forest Nurseries. Environmental Science. Research Journal of Agricultural Science.

Cedemon, E. D., Mangoang, E. O., Gregorion, N. O., Pasa, A. E., Herbohn, J. L. 2004. Nursery Management in Relation to Root Deformation, Sowing and Shading. Annals of Tropical Research.

Conlin, T. S. S. S and Van den Driessche, R. 1996. Short-term Effect of Soil Compaction on Growth of Pinus contorta Seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research.

De Boodt, M. F., Verdonck, O. F., Cappaert, I. M. 1974. Method for Measuring the Water Release Curve of Organic Substrates. Acta Horticulturae.

Dominiguez-Lerena, S., N. Sierra, Manzano, I. C., Bueno, L. O. 2006. Container Characteristic Influence Pinus pinea Seedling Development in the Nursery and Field. For. Ecol. Mgt.

Downie, A., Munroe, P., Crosky, A. 2009. Characteristic of Biochar-Physical and Structural Properties in Lehman, J. and Josep, S. (Eds), Biochar for Environmental Management, Science and Technology, Earthscan, London.

Gallegos, J., Alvaro, J. E., Urrestarazu, M. 2020. Container Design Effects Shoot and Root Growth of Vegetable Plant. HortScience.

Ghorbani, R., Koocheki, A., Jahan, M., Asadi, G, A. 2008. Impact of Organic Amendments and Compost Extracts on Tomato Production and Storability in Agroecological Systems. Agron. Sustain. Dev.

Hardjowigeno, Sarwono. 1995. Ilmu Tanah. Jakarta: Akademika Presindo

Ilahi, W. F. F. and Ahmad, D. 2017. A Study on the Physical and Hydraulic Characteristics of Cocopeat Perlite Mixture as a Growing Media in Containerized Plant Production. Sain Malaysiana.

Kamath, S. R. and Proctor, A. 1998. Silica Gel from Rice Husk Ash: Preparation and Characterization. Cereal Chemistry.

Kihara, J. 2002. Effect of Tree Nursery Growing Media and Farmers Management Techniques on Seedling Quality in Mount Kenya Region. Thesis. Kenyatta University

Kormanek, M., Banach, J., Ryba, M. 2013. Influence of Substrate Compaction in Nursery Containers on the Growth of Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Seedlings. Forest Research Papers.

Landis, T. D. 1990. The Containers and Growing Media, The Container Tree Nursery Manual. USDA Forest Service

Lehman, J., Silva Junior, J. P., Steiner, C., Nehls, T. 2003. Nutrient Availability and Leaching in an Archaeological Anthrosol and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon Basin : Fertilizer, Manure and Charcoal Amendments. Plant and Soil.

Lehman, J. and S, Joseph. 2009. Biochar for Environmental Management. Earthscan

Liang, B. M., Sharp, R. E., Baskin, T. I. 1997. Regulation of Growth Anisotropy in Well-Watered and Water-stressed maize Roots (I. Spatial Distribution of Longitudinal, Radial and Tangential Expansion Rates. Plant Physil.

Marr, C. W. and M. Jirak. 1990. Holdin Tomato Transplants in Plug Trays. Hortiscience.

Mendez, A., Paz-Ferreiro, J., Gil, E., Gasco, G. 2015. The Effect of Paper Sludge and Biochar Addition on Brown Peat Coir Based Growing Media Properties. Sci. Hortic.

Mishra, A., Taing, K., Hall, M. W., Shinogi, Y. 2017. Effects of Rice Husk and Rice Husk Charcoal on Soil Physicochemical Properties, Rice Growth and Yield. Agricultureal Science.

Mohanan, C. and J, K. Sharma. 2005. Improvement of Seedling Production System in Forestry Sector and Its Impact on Seedling Health. Working Paper of The Finnish Forest Research Institute.

Miriuki, J., Anne, W. Kuria., Catherine. M., Athanase, M. 2013. Testing Biogradable Seedling Containers as an Alternative for Polythene Tubes in Tropical Small Scale Tree Nursery. Small-Scale Forestry.

Nemati, M. R., Simard, F., Fortin, J, P., Beaudoin, J. Potential Use of Biochar in Growing Media. 2014. Vadose Zone Journal.

Novak, J. M., Busscher, W. J., Laird, D, L., Ahmedna, M., Watts, D, W., Niandou, M, A, S. 2009. Impact of Biochar Amendment on Fertility of a Southeastern Coastal Plain. Soil Scie.

Oagile, O., P, Gabolemogwe and C. Matsuane. 2016. Effect of Container Size on the Growth and Development of Tomato Seedlings. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences.

Onggo, T. M., Kusumiyati., Nurfitriana, A. 2017. Pengaruh Penambahan Arang Sekam dan Ukuran Polybag Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Tomat Kultivar ‘Valouro’ Hasil Sambul Batang. Jurnal Kultivasi.

Ouma, G. 2007. Effect of Different Container Sizes and Irrigation Frequency on the Morphological and Physiological Characteristics of Mango (Mangifera indica) Rootstock Seedlings. International Journal of Botany.

Pinyopusarek, K. and C, E. Harwood. 2016. Acacia crassicarpa. PROSEA

Schuermans, J. 2011. The Development of Wall-Less Plug for Planting Stock of Forest Trees. School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Science College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg South Africa

Shi, K., W, H. H., Dong, D. K., Zhou, Y. H., Yu, J. G. 2007. Low O2 Supply is Involved in the Poor Growth in Root-Restricted Plants of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). Environ. Exp. Bot.

Solichatun, Endang, A. Widya, M. 2005. Pengaruh Ketersediaan Air Terhadap Pertumbuhan, dan Kandungan Bahan Aktif Saponin Tanaman Ginseng Jawa (Talinum paniculatum Gaertn). Jurnal Biofarmasi.

Thomson, Lex A. J. 1994. Acacia aulococarpa, A. cincinata, A. crassicarpa and A. Wetarensis : An Annotated Bibliograhpy. CSIRO Australia

Vaughn, S. F., Kenar, J. A., Thompson, A. R., Peterson, S. C. 2013. Comparison of Biochars Derived from Wood Pellets and Pelletized Wheat Straw as Replacements of Peat in Potting Substrates Ind. Crop. Prod.

Wiedenhoeft, A. C. 2006. Plant Nutrition Hopkins WG (Eds) the Green World, Chelsea House Publisher, New York NY.

Zhang, L., Sun, X., Tian, Y., Gong, X. 2014. Biochar and humic acid Amendemts Improve the Quality of Composted Green Waste as Growth Medium for the Ornamental Plant Calathea insignis. Sci. Hortic.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/jagro.v8i1.180


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Media Pertanian Published by Faculty of Agriculture, Batanghari University
Adress: Fakultas Pertanian, Jl.Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi, Kec.Telanaipura, Kodepos: 36122, email: jagropubr@gmail.com, Phone: 0741-60103

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.